UPSC and BPSC Difference – Check Updates, details here of 2020

Difference between BPSC and UPSC

Table of Contents

BPSC stands for Bihar Public Service Commission and UPSC Stands for Union Public Service Commission. Both examinations are one of the most prestigious exams in the country. The BPSC exam is a State Level PSC Exam and UPSC is a National Level PSC Exam.

UPSC, is India’s premier central recruiting agency. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services. The Union Public Service Commission conducts the Civil Services Examination every year for recruitment of officers to the prestigious Civil Services of India.

Candidates who are successful to clear this exam can become civil servants in various offices of the government such as the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Revenue Service etc Some candidates opt to become diplomats by joining the Indian Foreign Service. Lakhs of candidates appear for this prestigious examination every year hoping to enter the elite services and serve the country. However, only about a thousand make it hence it is called India’s toughest exam.

The Bihar Public Service Commission ( BPSC) is a body created by the Constitution of India to select applicants for civil service jobs in the Indian state of Bihar according to the merits of the applicants. This is a great opportunity for fresh Engineering Graduates too, to join the government service in the related post.

Difference Between BPSC and UPSC: Eligibility Criteria & Age Limit

BPSC – Eligibility Criteria

The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act,1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.

The BPSC Age Limit for General Category male aspirants is:

  • Minimum Age – 22 years
  • Maximum Age – 37 years

The age limit and other BPSC eligibility criteria vary for different services and categories.

Post/Service NameMinimum Age
Deputy Superintendent of Police20 years
Probation Officer21 years
Rural Development Officer21 years
Labour Enforcement Officer21 years
Block SC/ST Welfare Officer21 years
Supply Inspector21 years
All other posts22 years

The upper age limit for BPSC is given in the table:

CategoryBPSC Upper Age Limit
General Category – Male37 years
General Category – Female40 years
BC/OBC (Male, Female)40 years
SC/ST (Male, Female)42 years

Important points regarding BPSC Age Limit

  1. Candidates need to fulfill the criteria mentioned above.
  2. The candidates who have been in the government service for the last three years have the following number of attempts:
    1. Number of Attempts: 3
    2. Relaxation in Upper Age Limit: 5 years
  3.  Persons with Disability (PwD) have an upper age limit is relaxed by 10 years.
  4. Ex-servicemen who are not above 53 years of age, can avail BPSC age relaxation of three years plus the number of years in service.

UPSC – Eligibility Criteria

Please note that the following eligibility criteria are tentative and candidates should refer to the official IAS Notification for any changes. You can check this link

Nationality (Citizenship)Candidates applying for IAS and IPS have to be citizens of India
Educational Conditions:· Candidates must hold a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university.· Students in the final year or semester of their bachelors’ degree can appear for the Prelims but have to produce the provisional or original degree before the Mains exam.
Age Limits· Age limit is Minimum 21 years to maximum 32 years· Relaxation in upper age limit available for the following categories:(a) Scheduled Caste(SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) – 37 years

(b) Other Backward Classes (OBC) – 35 years

(c) Defence Personnel disabled in hostilities and released from service as a consequence – 35 years

(d) Ex-servicemen with at least 5 years of service – 37 years

(e) Serving ECOs and SSCOs with at least 5 years of service – 37 years

(f) Disabled candidates – Up to 42 years based on the type of disability.

The rules regarding age limits are complex and should be studied carefully before applying.

Number of AttemptsGeneral – 6SC/ST – No restrictionsOBC – 9

PH – Based on category

Difference Between BPSC and UPSC: Exam Pattern

BPSC Exam Pattern

As per the BPSC Exam is conducted in three stages as follows;

The salient aspects of the BPSC exam pattern are:

BPSC PrelimsMainsInterview
  • 1 Paper
  • 150 marks
  • 2 hours
  • Objective Type
  • Offline (Pen-Paper)
  • 4 papers
  • One qualifying paper (Hindi) + 3 merit ranking papers
  • 900 marks (300*3)
  • 3 hours for each paper
  • Subjective Type
  • Offline (Pen-Paper)
  • 120 marks
  • Merit list based on marks in Mains + Interview

BPSC Exam Pattern & Syllabus

UPSC Exam Pattern

The Preliminary Examination would consist of two papers as described below:

SubjectTotal marksNo. of questionsDurationTypeNegative marksNature
General Studies Paper 12001002 hoursObjectiveYesQualifying
General Studies Paper 2 (CSAT)200802 hoursObjectiveYesQualifying

The written part of the UPSC Civil Service Mains Examination consists of nine papers which are descriptive in nature:

PaperSubjectNature of the paperDurationTotal marks
Paper ACompulsory Indian languageQualifying3 hours300
Paper BEnglishQualifying3 hours300
Paper IEssayMerit ranking3 hours250
Paper IIGeneral Studies IMerit ranking3 hours250
Paper IIIGeneral Studies IIMerit ranking3 hours250
Paper IVGeneral Studies IIIMerit ranking3 hours250
Paper VGeneral Studies IVMerit ranking3 hours250
Paper VIOptional IMerit ranking3 hours250
Paper VIIOptional IIMerit ranking3 hours250

Optional subjects for Paper VI and VII are to be selected from a list of subjects declared in the notification. UPSC sets and evaluates optional papers at a level slightly higher than an undergraduate learning level but below the learning level required for a masters degree.

UPSC Exam Pattern

Difference Between BPSC and UPSC: Syllabus

BPSC Exam Syllabus

The subjects includes in BPSC Exam are as follows;

  1. The first stage i.e. Prelims is a objective type exam. Prelims exam comprises of one paper i.e General Studies. BPSC  prelims exam has no negative marking.The Prelims Syllabus contains the following topics:
    1. General Science
    2. Events of national and international importance
    3. History of Bihar and Indian History
    4. Geography
    5. Geography of Bihar
    6. Indian Polity and Economy
    7. Changes in the economy of Bihar post-independence
    8. Indian National Movement and Role of Bihar
    9. General Mental Ability

UPSC Exam Syllabus

The UPSC Syllabus is vast and covers the subjects mentioned in the notification in a broad manner. For prelims, the syllabus covers topics of general interest as well as basic numeracy up to class X level. Prelims exam tests the candidates on the following topics:

Current events of national and international importance.History of India and Indian National Movement.Indian and World GeographyIndian Polity and GovernanceEconomic and Social Development
General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate ChangeGeneral Science.Comprehension;Interpersonal skills including communication skillsLogical reasoning and analytical ability
Decision making and problem solvingGeneral mental abilityBasic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level)

The Mains exam syllabus is even more comprehensive and covers a wide range of subjects in great detail. The level of learning required for the mains is typically above an undergraduate learning level. The following are the list of optional subjects for mains:

AgricultureAnimal Husbandry and Veterinary ScienceAnthropologyBotanyChemistry
Civil EngineeringCommerce and AccountancyEconomicsElectrical EngineeringGeography
Mechanical EngineeringMedical SciencePhilosophyPhysicsPolitical Science and International Relations
PsychologyPublic AdministrationSociologyStatisticsZoology
Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

The subjects which are covered by the General Studies Papers in Mains Exam are:

General Studies IGeneral Studies IIGeneral Studies IIIGeneral Studies IV
Indian Heritage and CultureGovernanceTechnologyEthics
History and Geography of the WorldConstitutionEconomic DevelopmentIntegrity
Social JusticeEnvironment
International relationsSecurity and Disaster Management

Difference Between BPSC and UPSC: Job Profile

BPSC Job Profile

  1. Bihar Public service commission is conducted at a state level it has various posts such as DSP, SDM, Financial Service and Adminitrative services.
  2. The candidates selected in such state services needs to be truthful and follow all the rules made by the State Government Judiciously.

UPSC Job Profile

  1. Union Public Service Commission is conducted at a National Level and has similar posts in Administrative, FInanace, Labour, Police and many other departments under the government of india.
  2. Only a handful of candidates gets selected for UPSC hence they have quite heavy duties.The UPSC candidates selected as IAS and IFS officers lead the country in higher administration and help in building the integrity of the country.
  3. An IAS makes sure that the development of his/her country is going in the correct directions by ensuring justice to the responsibilities they have been allocated to.

For Better result Start your Preparation today itself. Attempt mock tests, analyze yourselves improve your success rate.

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